本站推薦的性/別通俗書刊

對「性/別差異的科學研究」之女性主義批判與同志批判

童性戀/跨代戀

馬克思主義與情慾

Radical Sex/女性主義

性工作


u 對「性/別差異的科學研究」之女性主義批判與同志批判

關於男女兩性的差異,異性戀與同性戀的差異,歷年來不論是在神經內分泌學或生物學,都有許多科學的研究,這些科學研究很多已經成為該學科的基本教義,但是近年的女性主義與同志科學家和科學哲學家則暴露出它們的男性或異性戀偏見。以下是一些相關書目。這是中央哲研所甯應斌(卡維波)【科學的哲學】1995課程,所使用的參考書目。)

(凡有*標記者,乃以「性」為主,其餘則以「性別」為主)

Birke, Lynda. "In Pursuit of Difference: Scientific Studies of Women and Men." InventingWomen: Sceinece, Technology and Gender. Edited by Gill Kirkup and Laurie Smith Keller.Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Open University, 1992. 81-102.

Birke, Lynda. "Transforming Biology." Knowing Women: Feminism and Knowledge. Editedby Helen Crowley and Susan Himmelweit. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Open University, 1992. 66-77.

Birke, Lynda. Women, Feminism and Biology: The Feminist Challenge. Harvester Press, 1986.

Bleier, Ruth, "Sex Difference Research: Science or Belief?" Feminist Approaches to Science. Bleier, Ruth, ed. New York: Pergamon Press, 1986. 147-164.

Bleier, Ruth. Science and Gender: A Critique of Biology and Its Theories on Women. NewYork: Pergamon Press, 1984.

Caplan, Paula J. and Jeremy B. Caplan. Thinking Critically about Research on Sex and Gender. New York: Harper Collins College Publishers, 1994.

Harding, Sandra and Jean O'Barr, eds. Sex and Scientific Inquiry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Hubbard, Ruth. "Have Only Men Evolved?" The Politics of Women's Biology. Hubbard, Ruth. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990. 70-86. Also in Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and the Philosophy of Science. Edited by Sandra Harding and Merrill Hintikka. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Reidel, 1983. 45-70.

Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Myths of Gender: Biological Theories About Women and Men. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1985.

Fedigan, Linda Marie. "The Changing Role of Women in Models of Human Evolution."Inventing Women. Edited by Gill Kirkup and Laurie Smith Keller. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Open University, 1992. 103-122.

Fee, Elizabeth. "Nineteenth Century Craniology: The Study of the Female Skull." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 53 (1980):415-33.

Fee, Elizabeth. "Science and the Woman Problem: Historical Perspectives." In Sex Differences: Social and Biological Perspectives, ed. Michael Tietelbaum. New York: Doubleday, 1976.175-223.

*Koertge, Noretta. Philosophy and Homosexuality. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1985.

Longino, Helen. Science as Social Knowledge. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. Chapter 6, 7& 8.(部份涉及同性戀)

Oudshoorn, Nelly. Beyond the Natural Body: An Archeology of Sex Hormones. London: Routledge, 1994.

Rhode, Deborah L., ed. Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference. New Haven: YaleUniversity Press, 1990. Part 2&3.

Ruse, Michael. Is Science Sexist? And Other Problems in the Biomedical Sciences. Dordrecht:D. Reidel, 1981.

Sherif, Carolyn Wood. "Bias In Psychology." Feminism and Methodology: Social Science Issues. Ed. by Sandra Harding. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987. 37-56.

*Suppe, Frederick. "Curing Homosexuality." Philosophy and Sex, second edition. Ed. By Robert Baker and Frederick Elliston. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books, 1984. 391-420.

*Suppe, Frederick. "Classifying Sexual Disorders: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association." Journal of Homosexuality.

*Suppe, Frederick. "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American PsychiatricAssociation: Classifying Sexual Disorders." Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality. E. Shelp, ed. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

The Biology and Gender Study Group. "The Importance of Feminist Critique for Contemporary Cell Biology." Feminism and Science. Tuana, Nancy. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1989. 172-187.

*Tiefer, Leonore. Sex Is Not A Natural Act and Other Essays. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1995.

Tuana, Nancy. "The Weeker Seed". The Less Noble Sex: Scientific, Religious, and Philosophical Conceptions of Woman's Nature. Tuana, Nancy. Bloomington: Indiana university Press, 1993. 130-154. Also in Feminism and Science. Tuana, Nancy, ed. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1989. 147-171.    

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u 童性戀/跨代戀的書目

關於所謂的「戀童癖」,比較是個心理醫學名詞。有人聽了會比較不舒服。所以也有「跨代戀」的說法,有點像用GayLesbianQueer來代替同性戀(homosexual--非常醫學的名詞)

如果說「同志」或「同(性)戀」是「性/性別」的問題,(當然也自然會涉及階級、年齡、種族等問題)童性戀或跨代戀就是個「性/年齡」的問題。後者主要涉及了「年齡/世代」的權力關係;也就是在社會的結構和制度層面,對年齡的歧視(agism),和世代間的不平等。

年齡政治,也就是青少年解放、兒童解放、老人解放;跨代戀和兒童性解放、青少年性自由也是年齡政治中的一環。

關於童性戀這方面的重要經典共有三本如下:

(1) Tom O'Carroll. Paedophilia: The Radical Case. London: Peter Owen, 1980.

(2) Daniel Tsang, ed. The Age Taboo: Gay Male Sexuality, Power and Consent. London: Gay Men's Press, 1981.

上面這兩本書可能不太好找,但是卻是學術界有關童性戀的必讀之經典,所以中央大學的性/別研究室計劃在未來會重印這些性解放運動史上的重要學術著作。

下面這本書(其實是兩冊)則是童性戀運動近年來繼上兩本書之後的一部八、九百頁巨著。作者從跨學科的諸多研究觀點與田野資料替童性戀運動奠定下無可反駁的根基與經驗依據,讓一切反童性戀的迷思與謬誤無所遁形。此書也同時是整理綜合性解放主張的重要新著作(特別在第二冊)。

(3) Edward Brongersma. Loving Boys: A Multidisciplinary Study of Sexual Relations Between Adult and Minor Males.. Vol. I & II. Elmhurst, NY: Global Academic Publishers, 1986 (vol. I), 1990 (vol. II).

研究童性戀而不看這些書,就像研究性別妳去看苦苓的書,或故作客觀的中立但沒有平權意識的學者;或者,就像研究同性戀,但是卻專門看那些說同性戀是心理變態或心理病態、社會病態或偏差的書一樣。

研究性別,就是要看女性主義者的書。

研究同志,就是要看同志、酷兒運動者的書。

研究童性戀,就是要看跨代戀運動者的書。

說童性戀或跨代戀和女性主義沒關係?

這不就是那些「同志和女性主義無關」的同一論調嗎?

最後,再列下一些除了上面那三本外的另一些童性戀著作,裡面有社會科學與心理學的研究,運動的文獻,還有追求情慾自主的兒童主動發聲、現身說法的「妖言」。

在這方面,美國的一個重要運動團體就是NAMBLA(地址下詳)。她們有出一本Boys Speak Out: On Man/Boy Love.

至於歐洲重要的運動/出版團體就是Global Academic Publishers,她們的機關刊物則是Paidika(地址下詳);她們也有出一本Crime Without Victims: A book about Paedophilia.Documents on Paedophilia, vol. 1.系列(Global Academic Publishers)此書英文是Edward Brongersma 親自翻譯的,已於1993出版。

其他值得參考的英文書有:

Bernard, Frits: Paedophilia: A Factual Report. Rotterdam: Enclave 1985.

Best, Joel: Threatened Children: Rhetoric and Concern about Child-Victims. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press 1990.

Constantine, Larry L. & Martinson, Floyd M.: Children and Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little, Brown and Company 19981.

Cook, Mark & Howells, Kevin (Eds.) Adult Sexual Interest in Children. London: Academic Press 1981.

Eberle, Paul & Shirley: The Politics of Child Abuse. Seaucus, NY: Lyle Stuart, Inc.,1986.

Feierman, Jay R. (Ed.): Pedophilia: Biosocial Dimensions. N.Y.: Springer Verlag 1980.

Li, C. K.; West, D. J.; Woodhouse, T. P.: Children's Sexual Encounters with Adults. London: Duckworth 1990.

Rossman, G. Parker: Sexual Experience Between Men and Boys. N.Y.: Association Press 1976;Middlesex: Temple Smith 1985.

Sandfort, Theo: The Sexual Aspect of Paedophile Relations. Amsterdam: Spartacus 1981.

Sandfort, Theo: Boys on their Contacts with Men. Amsterdam & New York: Global Academic Publishers 1987.

Sandfort, Theo; Brongersma, Edward B'AV Naerssen, Alex van (Eds.): Male Intergenerational Intimacy: Historical, Socio-Psychological and Legal Perspectives. N.Y. 8c London: The Harrington Press 1991.

Taylor, Brian (Ed.): Perspectives on Paedophilia. London: Batsford Academic 1981.

 

有關童性戀的期刊:

Paidika: The Journal of Paedophilia. P. 0. Box 15463, 1001 ML Amsterdam, The Netherlands. NAMBLA Bulletin. North American Man/Boy Love Association. P. 0. Box 174, Midtown Station, New York, NY 10018, U.S.A. TEL.: 212-807-8578.

一些較通俗的、非學術的讀物和小說(類似此間的同志文學和通俗讀物)可以聯絡下址,以便取得。

Acolyte Press, P. 0. Box 13731
1000 AS Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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u 馬克思主義與情慾書目

Altman, Dennis. "Political Sexualities: Meanings and Identities in the Times of AIDS." Conceiving Sexuality: Approaches to Sex Research in a Postmodern World. Richard G. Parker and John H. Gagnon, eds. London: Routledge, 1995.  

Edge, Simon. With Friends Like These: Marxism and Gay Politics. London: Cassell, 1995.

Evans, David T. Sexual Citizenship: The Material Construction of Sexualities. London:Routledge, 1993.

Fernbach, David. "Toward a Marxist Theory of Gay Liberation." Socialist Revolution. no.28=6.2 (April-June 1976): 29-41.

Gay Left Collective. Homosexuality: Power and Politics. London: Allison & Busby, 1980.

German, L. Sex, Class & Socialism. Blackwell, 1989 .

Halifax, Noel. Gay Liberation and the Struggle for Socialism. London: Socialist Workers Party,1988.

Hekma, Gert, et. al., eds. Gay Men and the Sexual History of the Political Left. Binghamton, N.Y.: Harrington Park Press, 1995.

Morton, Donald, ed. The Material Queer: A LesBiGay Cultural Studies Reader. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1996.

Morton, Donald. "Queerity and Ludic Sado-Masochism." Post-Ality: Marxism and Postmodernism. Eds. by Mas'ud Zavarzadeh, et al. Washington DC: Maisonneuve press, 1995.189-215.  

Phillips, Eileen, ed.  The Left and the Erotic.  London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1983.

Reiche, Reimut. Sexuality and the Class Struggle. New Left Books, London 1970.

Socialist Review. Queer Subjects (special issue). 25.1(1995): 25-168.

Studzinski, Kristina. Lesbians Talk Left Politics. London: Scarlet Press, 1944.

左傾情慾作者Left tendency writers:

Assiter, Alison. Pornography: Feminism and the Individual. London: Pluto Press, 1989.

Segal, Lynne. Straight Sex: Rethinking the Politics of Pleasure. Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press, 1994.

Snitow, Ann Barr, Christine Stansell, & Sharon Thompson, eds. (美國版) Powers of Desire:The Politics of Sexuality. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983. (英國版)Desire: The Politics of Sexuality. London: Virago, 1983.

Soble, Alan. Pornography: Marxism, Feminism, and the Future of Sexuality. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986

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u Radical Sex/女性主義書目

非常經典的Radical Sex / Feminism論文選集,立場與精神上一脈相傳。

Snitow, Ann Barr, Christine Stansell, & Sharon Thompson, eds. (美國版) Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1983. (英國版)Desire: The Politics of Sexuality. London: Virago, 1983.

Vance, Carole S., ed. Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality. London: Pandora, 1989, 1992.

Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, & David M. Halperin, eds. The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 1993. (本書編者在書後的「建議讀物」形容前兩本書:

" have made, and continue to make, a major impact on contemporary discussions of sexual politics.")

 

妳不可不知道的歷史名著

Ehrenreich, Barbara, Elizabeth Hess, & Gloria Jacobs. Re-Making Love: The Feminization of Sex. New York: Doubleday, 1986. (性革命史/女性情慾)

Echols, Alice. Daring To Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America, 1967-1975. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1989. (女性主義史)

Adam, Barry D. The Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement. Revised Edition. New York: Twayne, 1995. (同志史,1987年出版後就被認為是最簡要精髓的同志史;1995的新版立場更尖銳與運動性)

 

性論戰的三座大山

精彩痛快的運動與理論文字Radical SexFeminism 的入門書。

Assiter, Alison & Avedon Carol, eds. Bad Girls & Dirty Pictures: The Challenge to Reclaim Feminism. London: Pluto, 1993.

SAMOIS, ed. Coming to Power. Boston: Alyson Publications, 1981, 1982, 1987.

Segal, Lynne & Mary McIntosh, eds. Sex Exposed: Sexuality and the Pornography Debate. London: Virago, 1992.

 

三位女英雄

Rubin, Gayle. 新書即將由 University of California Press 出版。準備搶購吧!據說包括了多篇女性主義理論史上的里程碑論文 "The Traffic in Women: Notes on the 'Political Economy' of Sex", "Thinking Sex", "The Leather Menace", "Misguided, Dangerous and Wrong: An Analysis of Anti-Pronography Politics".)

Segal, Lynne. Straight Sex: Rethinking the Politics of Pleasure. Berkeley and L.A.: University of California Press, 1994. (她的前兩本書也很精彩,都是「社會主義的女性主義性激進派」的一貫觀點)

Califia, Pat. Public Sex: The Culture of Radical Sex. Pittsburgh: Cleis, 1994. Sluts的最愛,文字就像皮鞭,有了她,女性主義永無寧日…)

 唉,再加一位吧。Tieffer, Leonore. Sex Is Not A Natural Act & Other Essays. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1995. (前三位都是已經占據歷史地位的超級戰將,Tieffer則是在她們影響下,在性(醫)學/性教育/性治療領域崛起的女性主義者,挑戰這些領域內原有的男性/保守/反解放觀點,和Tieffer 相同的女性主義者尚有多位,在下本書的後面有對她們的介紹:Naomi B. McCormick. Sexual Salvation:Affirming Women's Sexual Rights and Pleasures. London: Praeger, 1994.

既然已經加了一位,再加二位,不是大理論家,但卻有Willis令人擊節讚賞的運動論述和Nestle打動人心的個人小品。像Willis "Radical Feminism and Feminist Radicalism", "Toward a Feminist Sexual Revolution";以及Nestle"Lesbians and Prostitutes: An Historical Sisterhood", "My Mother Liked To Fuck",都是傳頌一時。

Willis, Ellen. No More Nice Girls: Countercultural Essays. London: Wesleyan UP, 1992.

Nestle, Joan. A Restricted Country. Ithaca, New York: Firebrand Books, 1987.

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u 性工作

性工作研究,何春蕤編,中壢:性/別研究室,2003。

甯應斌,“性工作是否為「工作」?──馬克思的商品論與性工作的社會建構論”,《台灣社會研究》季刊,46期,2002年9月,87-139。

甯應斌,“性工作與現代性(序論)──問題意識與脈絡”,《台灣社會研究》季刊,即將發表。

甯應斌,“性工作與現代性(二論)──Goffman式的分析”,《台灣社會研究》季刊,即將發表。

性工作:妓權觀點,何春蕤編,台北:巨流,2003。

請參考推薦的妓權書目(中英文)

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